GEN Keith Alexander (Ret.), Founder, Chairman & Co-CEO of IronNet Cybersecurity, is one of the foremost authorities on cybersecurity in the world. A four-star Army general, GEN Alexander was previously the highest-ranked military official of USCYBERCOM, NSA/CSS, where he led these DoD agencies during the conflicts in Afghanistan and Iraq when attempted cyber attacks against the U.S. were on the rise.
In recognition of cyber's increasing importance, President Barack Obama and Defense Secretary Robert Gates appointed GEN Alexander as the first commander of USCYBERCOM, a newly created military institution charged with defending the nation’s security in cyberspace against sophisticated cyber threats to businesses and government operations in an increasingly interconnected world.
A leader with vision and a pragmatic approach to tackling the ever-changing cyber threat landscape, GEN Alexander built IronNet to bring this knowledge and experience to the private sector and fill in a critical gap between cyber threats and available security technology. IronNet provides best-in-class cyber defense based on complex behavioral modeling, big-data analytics and advanced computing capability.
GEN Alexander holds a B.S. from the U.S. Military Academy, an M.S. in Business Administration from Boston University and M.S. degrees in Systems Technology, Physics and National Security Strategy.
Phil is a senior advisor to the firm and a member of the Board of Directors of Goldman Sachs Bank USA. As a senior advisor, he supports the firm’s executive leadership and client franchise on cybersecurity, technology risk, digital business risk, and operational resilience. In addition to this, Phil spearheads the firm’s work with industry associations and initiatives to reduce systemic risk. He is also a member of the Firmwide Enterprise Risk Committee, Firmwide Technology Risk Committee, and Global Business Resilience Committee.
Prior to becoming a senior advisor, Phil was a line executive as Chief Operational Risk Officer, and before that, the firm’s first Chief Information Security Officer and Head of Technology Risk, a role he held for 17 years. He joined Goldman Sachs as a vice president in London in 2000 and transferred to New York in 2001. Phil was named managing director in 2003, partner in 2010, and senior advisor in 2019.
Prior to joining the firm, he was Chief Information Security Officer at Deutsche Bank and also functioned as the Global Head of Technology Risk Management for Standard Chartered Bank. Before that, Phil served in various technology, network management, and software engineering roles at a number of finance, energy, and defense organizations.
Phil serves on the Executive Committee of the US Financial Services Sector Coordinating Council for Critical Infrastructure Protection, is co-chair of the Board of Sheltered Harbor, and is a member of the boards of the Center for Internet Security and the NYU School of Engineering. He is also an advisor to the cyber-security efforts of the US National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine, and serves on the Advisory Board to the Director of a US intelligence agency. Phil is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Phil earned a BSc (Hons) in Computer Science from the University of York and an MSc in Computation and Cryptography from the Queen’s College at Oxford University. He was awarded the designation of Chartered Engineer in 1995 and Chartered Scientist in 2002 and was elected a Fellow of the British Computer Society in 2005.
Robert Hackett is a senior writer at Fortune where he covers cybersecurity and emerging technologies. He is a cofounding editor of The Ledger, Fortune’s franchise covering the intersection of finance and technology, and a cochair of Fortune’s Brainstorm Finance conference. Robert cohosts two video series, Tech Debate and Balancing The Ledger, and he writes a weekly cybersecurity-themed edition of Fortune’s daily tech newsletter. He has received national recognition for his reporting and was a finalist for the 2018 Larry Birger Young Business Journalist Award. He received a master’s degree in journalism from Columbia University and a double major in chemistry and English with minors in history and science & technology studies from Cornell University. He has written for Time, Sports Illustrated, Vice Motherboard, and elsewhere. He lives in New York.